In 2010, there were approximately six million vehicle crashes leading to 32,788 traffic deaths, or approximately 15 fatalities per 100,000 people. The leading cause of death for Americans of all ages, coronary heart disease, ranks only 19th for Americans between the ages of 4–34 while vehicle crashes are the leading killer for Americans in the same age group. Of all traffic accidents, 93% are attributable to human error. Investigations into vehicular collision human factors cover scenarios such as driving under the influence or falling asleep at the wheel and include factors such as driver behavior, visual and auditory acuity, decision-making ability, and reaction speed. Many of the behaviors and human elements that contribute to accidents can be mitigated by replacing human drivers with automated functions, which can assess and react much faster to many road conditions. The safety improvements promised by the widespread adoption of autonomous vehicles (AVs), in addition to other benefits to be discussed, motivate this study.